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            2022湖南專升本英語閱讀理解習題(一)

            2021-09-10 21:25:52| 來源:勵學專升本

            2021年湖南專升本英語閱讀路理解習題答案解析,希望能帶給各位學生幫助。

            Passage One

            Some desert regions get no rainfall for months, and even years. Yet water can be found if you dig deep enough. For a long time this was a puzzling question. Then geologists found the answer. The underground water is rainwater--but the rain fell hundreds of miles away! It soaked into the ground and then flowed underground through a rock sandwich. A rock sandwich with water in the filling has a scientific name: aquifer. An aquifer is composed of two or more layers of nonporous rock. That's the bread of the sandwich. The filling is a layer of porous rock or sand. The whole sandwich, or aquifer, is titled at a slant. The higher end is in a region of good rainfall, where the rain soaks into the porous rock or sand. The rainwater flows down at a slant between the nonporous rock layers. If a well is drilled through the top layer, the water flows up into the well. If the upper end of the aquifer is higher than the top of the well, the water is forced up without pumping. This convenient arrangement is called an artesian well because this kind of well was first developed in Artois, France. 

            (1).A geologist is a person who studies ______.

            A. weather patterns

            B. boundaries and land claims

            C. the surface layers of the earth

            D. the orbits of heavenly bodies

            (2).After the rain soaks into rocks, the rain water flows ______.

            A. into the well

            B. down between rock layers

            C. through the sandwich

            D. to the dry regions

            (3).The artesian well was first developed in ______.

            A. France

            B. Spain

            C. England

            D. America

            (4).This passage is about ______.

            A. freshwater seas

            B. salt water

            C. mountain streams

            D. underground water

            參考答案:

            1答案:C

            解析:第一段。這句話是說,geologists找到答案地下水是雨水。-ist后綴表示專家,geo-前綴表示地球。根據有關地球的答案以及詞的構成,可以斷定這些人是研究地球的。選項C是正確的。

            2答案:B

            解析:第二段后半部分。降雨過后,雨水會滲透到巖石和沙子中,然后順巖石間的斜面往下流。選項B是正確的。

            3答案:A

            解析:第三段。這種自流井最開始是在法國開發的。選項A是正確的。

            4答案:D

            解析:全文講的是地下水的來龍去脈。講了有些沙漠地區的水的來源,水流向該沙漠地區的渠道,以及這些沙漠地區地下水的取用。選項D是正確的。 

            Passage Two

            In 1924, Nordic ski events were held at the first Winter Olympics in Chamonix, France. But the American skiers came home without medals. Norway took most of the medals for cross-country and ski jumping events that year. They did the same for many years after. From 1924 through 1972, the American skiers had no medals to show for their Olympic trips. The U.S. was generally thought to be weak in ski competition. But in 1974 it was discovered that the U. S. record was slightly better than people had been led to believe. And Norway's record was not quite as good. The discovery was a surprise and a delight to American ski fans, but even more so to American skier Anders Haugen. After fifty years, Anders got the medal he should have won back in 1924. In the ski jump event at Chamonix in 1924, Haugen had scored in fourth place. He had just missed earning a medal. His score was 17.916, just slightly behind Thorleif Haug of Norway. Haug's score of 18 had won him the bronze medal. But in 1974, Norway's National Olympic Committee did a check of all final Olympic results. There had been an error in computing Haug's score! So Haugen, now, an elderly man, traveled across the ocean for his award. On September 12,1974, he was given a bronze medal in a special ceremony at the Norway Ski Museum.

            (1).The best title for this passage would be ______.

            A. the 1924 Olympics

            B. Norway's Skiers

            C. An Olympic Record Corrected

            D. American Skiers in the Olympics

            (2).From 1924-1972, U. S. skiers were considered weak in Olympic competition because they ______.

            A. had won only two medals

            B. had won no medals

            C. had never entered jumping events

            D. had won only one medal

            (3).The writer says "the discovery was a surprise and a delight to American ski fans" in order to ______.

            A. show that the error and its correction were important to ski fans as well as to Haugen

            B. show that the error was more important to fans than to Haugen

            C. suggest that the Americans eared more about the error than the Norwegians

            D. suggest that there had been no error

            (4).The best definition for the word computing is ______.

            A. writing

            B. judging

            C. figuring

            D. multiplying

            參考答案

            1答案:B

            解析:第一段。從1924年到1972年,美國的滑雪運動在奧林匹克競賽中被認為是弱項,因為美國運動員在這個項目上從未獲得過任何獎牌。選項B是正確的。

            1答案:C

            解析:這篇短文講的是美國的一位滑雪運動員在一次奧林匹克運動會上的成績被計算錯誤而失去了獎牌,但50年后這項紀錄又被修正使他獲得應得的獎牌。選項C是正確的。

            3答案:A

            解析:第二段。第一段已經提到人們認為美國的滑雪不如挪威的好。因此當發現挪威的滑雪記錄并不是像人們被告知的那么好時,美國人和美國的滑雪迷們跟美國運動員Anders Haugen一樣非常激動。這對美國運動員和美國人都很重要。選項A是正確的。

            4答案:C

            解析:最后一段。1974年,挪威國家奧林匹克委員會重新檢查所有的決賽成績記錄,發現在“computing”挪威運動員Haug的分數時有誤。Computer是計算機,去掉表示物體或人的后綴,compute就是計算的意思。從上下文也可推斷,對運動員的分數計算有誤才導致另一位運動員失去獎牌。選項C是正確的。Judging判斷,figuring計算,multiplying增加。 

            Passage Three

            Stories don't just happen ; they are created. There are no stories in the everyday course of events; there are only the ingredients for stories. A dozen people may watch a man standing on the fifth-floor ledge or a small child crying. There is no story involved in either case unless one of the dozen chooses to make one up—to surround the isolated event with a beginning and an end, thereby giving what we call a meaning to human action. In other words, there has to be a story-maker--a story-teller--if there is to be a story. You as the story-maker or writer are in complete control of all of the details of your story. You have control over who the characters are, what they do, and why they do it. You also have control over how the story is to be told and who is going to tell it. You can adopt one of a number of points of view, each of which will give a quite different total story. Broadly speaking, there are two major approaches a writer can take: (1) you can present the story as if told by someone who is completely outside it, or (2) you can present the story as if told by one of its characters. In either case, the teller's role is an assumed role.

             (1).The author of this passage uses ingredients to mean ______.

            A. creative features

            B. unimportant details

            C. misleading facts

            D. raw materials

            (2).Who controls all the details of the story?

            A. The story-maker.

            B. The characters.

            C. The publisher.

            D. The proofreader.

            (3).The main idea of this passage is ______.

            A. stories are created

            B. nonfiction stories are true

            C. legends are a type of story

            D. most stories are historical accounts

            (4).Based on the two approaches mentioned in the passage, the story can be told by ______.

            A. the one who writes the story

            B. people who create stories

            C. the man who is watched by people

            D. the one who is one of the characters

            參考答案

            1答案:D

            解析:第一段。作者一開篇就點明所謂故事是創作出來的,不是自然發生的。每天發生的事件并沒有故事,只是故事的ingredients。后面又舉了兩個例子說明日常的事件本身并不是故事。只有給所選的事件加上頭和尾,加入一定的意義才能成為真正的故事。由此判斷,ingredients指的是沒有加工過的事件,即素材。選項D是正確的。Raw material素材。In-前綴,表示在……里、非、無意義等。

            2答案:A

            解析:第二段。寫故事的人控制著故事中的一切。諸如:細節、人物、事件等。選項A是正確的。

            3答案:A

            解析:短文從一開始就點明了主題:故事是創作出來的。選項A是正確的。

            4答案:D

            解析:最后一段。一般來說,故事的敘述有兩種方式:由故事以外的人敘述(通常是第三人稱);另一種是故事中的某一個人物敘述(通常是第一人稱)。選項D是正確的。

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